The work related stress, occupational stress and job stress are used synonymously. Stress has now become the universal issue. Present era is known as the era of stress. Everyone has the right to spend ... Read More

Transvenous pacing is a relatively safe treatment with a low complication rate. However serious thromboembolic complications can occur. Superior vena cava obstruction syndrome is generally rare after ... Read More

Laboratory diagnosis of sickle cell anemia involves phenotypic testing for the presence of the sickle haemoglobin and genetic analysis. Phenotypic tests include sickling test and sickle solubility tes ... Read More

Background: Dyslipidemia is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in diabetes mellitus. Dyslipidemia was highly prevalent in all the geopolitical zones with the consistent pattern b ... Read More

Background: Bone marrow aspiration is a diagnostic test for various hematological malignancies. Present study was designed to determine the frequency of malignant Hematological disorders on bone marro ... Read More

Background: Intestinal TB is the sixth most frequent site for extra pulmonary tuberculosis. The objective of the study was to determine the presentation and outcome of gastro-intestinal tuberculosis ... Read More

Background: Fasting in the Holy month of Ramadan is compulsory in Islam. The objective of study was to explore the pregnant women’s beliefs and practices about fasting in Ramadan during pregnancy. M ... Read More

Background: The prevalence of hepatitis B and C varies in different population worldwide. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of Hepatitis B and C in OPD patients. Material and ... Read More

Background: Anal fissure disease is a commonly distressing disease in both genders. Surgery remains a corner stone in the management of anal fissure through the ages but currently, a more conservative ... Read More

Background: The most common site of fracture in face is nasal bones. The objective of the study was to evaluate the use of x-rays of nasal bone in nasal trauma especially in children. Material & Meth ... Read More

Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Pierre Louis Institute of Epidemiology & Public Health, Epidemiology of Allergic & Respiratory Diseases Department, Saint-Antoine Medical School, Pari ... Read More

Based on a thorough analysis of the facts reported over and over (in print, mass and now social media), this paper argues that in the perspectives of Pakistan, ‘Public Health Awareness (PHA)’ is the s ... Read More

We report a case of post myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect in anteroinferior interventricular septum, which was repaired via tricuspid valve. We believe this approach saves incision in l ... Read More

This 12 years boy from rural area of D.I.Khan, KP, Pakistan was diagnosed as ‘Congenital bilateral glaucoma’ at the age of 9 months. Bilateral trabeculectomies were performed at the age of one year. ... Read More

Background: Snake bite is one of the important public health problems. The objective of the study was to assess the demographic and clinical features of snake bite patients. Material & Methods: This ... Read More

Background: The objective of the study was to determine the distribution, determinants and complications of tibial plateau fracture treated by percutaneous screw fixation. Material & Methods: This cr ... Read More

Background: Clubfoot is a disease characterized by complex malformed feet or foot without the malformations of other bones and joints in the body. The objective of the study was to evaluate the conser ... Read More

Background: Endometriosis is common gynecological condition of women in reproductive age. The objective of the study was to compare the level of CA-125 in patients with endometriosis before and after ... Read More

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is major health problem. The objectives of the study was to diagnose HCV infection in multi-transfused beta thalassemia major patients by using ICT, ELISA ... Read More

Background: Depression is highly frequent and in 2020, it will become the second leading cause of disability. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency & distribution of depression amo ... Read More

Background: The majority of cardiovascular disease patients require life-long treatment and regular monitoring. The objective of the study was to evaluate the hospital care in cardiovascular disease p ... Read More

Background: The nutritional status of a woman before and during pregnancy is important for a healthy pregnancy outcome. The objective of the study was to determine association of maternal BMI with new ... Read More

Background: Levels of vitamin D in the population have come under increasing examination; however there are only a few studies in Saudi Arabia which measure levels in the general population. The objec ... Read More

Manuscript authorship and author placement have important implications for accountability and allocation of credit. Different studies done on what author can contribute in an article, what is his or h ... Read More

Human papillomavirus (HPV) belongs to the family Papillomaviridae. More than 100 serotypes have been identified. While in more than 90 percent cases HPV 16 is mostly responsible for head and neck canc ... Read More

Left ventricular systolic dysfunction in childhood can be due to many causes. It may be because of sequel of myocarditis, metabolic causes, storage disorder, congenital heart disease or idiopathic dil ... Read More

These patients, three in number, two male and one female were presented with excessive outgrowth of mass on lower forearm. The patients with age ranging from 10-20 years were reported from Dera Ismail ... Read More

Background: Dengue is a major health problem around the world and contributes in high rate of morbidity and mortality. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency, time and place distrib ... Read More

Background: Chronic liver disease represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The objectives of the study were to determine and compare values of serum markers in subgroups; categor ... Read More

Background: The incidences of violent crimes with gunshot injuries have become increasingly more common. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and distribution of firearms injurie ... Read More

Background: Partial medial menisectomy has no adverse results. The objective of the study was to determine the demographic attributes of meniscal tears cases and to assess the radiological findings be ... Read More

Background: A mother’s knowledge with the right attitude and practice is the key to successful breastfeeding. Female awareness in breastfeeding contributes towards reduction of child mortality. This s ... Read More

Background: A granuloma is defined as a circumscribed collection of modified macrophages with scattered giant cells and lymphocytes. It represents a cell mediated (type IV) hypersensitivity reactio ... Read More

Background: Contaminated food is an important cause of human morbidity and mortality. One of the risk factors of food contamination is poor personal hygiene of the food handler. The objective of the s ... Read More

Background: Compelling evidence exists that the atherosclerotic process begins in childhood and progresses slowly into adulthood, at which time it leads frequently to coronary heart disease. The prese ... Read More

Background: Pancytopenia is a common problem in clinical and haematological practice in pediatrics. A vast majority of diseases may present with pancytopenia. The clinical manifestations are usually a ... Read More

Naegleria is a genus of protozoa. The genus was named after French zoologist Mathieu Naegler. Naegleria is a microscopic amoeba that can cause a very rare, but severe, infection of the brain. A brief ... Read More

Previous evidence suggests that Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) is linked with Employee Performance (EP), whereas according to other studies EP is based on Job Satisfaction (JS). This study attempt ... Read More

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global health problem. In Pakistan, more than 10 million people are suffering from HCV infection with an estimated prevalence of 4.9%. Hepatitis C virus is class ... Read More

I present the case of old age man, who presented with pain right side of the abdomen with huge anterior abdominal wall swelling, along with loose motion. His inflammatory markers were unremarkable, an ... Read More

Philadelphia (Ph’) chromosome is an abnormally short chromosome 22 formed as a result of translocation between chromosome 9 and 22. As a result the ABL gene from chromosome 9 joins the BCR gene on ch ... Read More

Background: Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is main complication of the birth asphyxia. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of outcome of term newborns with hypoxic ischemic ence ... Read More

Background: The incidence of tibial fractures is increasing. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and distribution of open diaphysial fracture of tibia gustilo type IIIA and IIIB. ... Read More

Background: Hypertension is a major health problem in Pakistan. The objective of the study was to determine the distribution of knowledge regarding hypertension among the university students. Materi ... Read More

Background: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a tumor marker helpful in the diagnosis and follow-up of prostate cancer. Objective of the study was to determine Free/total PSA ratio as a predictor of ... Read More

Background: Hypospadias is a common congenital urological problem with the incidence of one in three hundred male children. It is usually associated with chordee. Generally hypospadias with chordee is ... Read More

Background: Thyroidectomy is one of the most complicated surgeries because of damage to recurrent laryngeal nerve. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of recurrent laryngeal inju ... Read More

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the level of psychological distress in care givers of patients with conversion disorder and to determine its association with various demographic variab ... Read More

Background: About 10% of patients with diabetes mellitus present with diabetic foot ulcers. The objective of the study was to determine the predictive role of HbA1c level on progression to lower limb ... Read More

Background: Tuberculosis is rapidly becoming a global disease. The objective of the study was to determine the yield of the GeneXpert in the detection of DNA of mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampic ... Read More

Background: Studies on humans have shown the beneficial effects of zinc supplementation in patients with diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of zinc supplementation on f ... Read More

Background: Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is commonly associated with Hodgkin Lymphoma. Our aim was to detect Epstein Barr virus LMP-1 antigen in subtypes of Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma in Peshawar district ... Read More

In February 2000, President Clinton of USA officially dedicated March as National Colon Cancer Awareness Month. Since then, it has grown to be a rallying point for the colon cancer community where tho ... Read More