Right to life was incorporated in the Constitution of 1973, under Article 4 and 9. Initially, it was limited to be interpreted as a life limited to a vegetative life for a long time. However, progre ... Read More

The Patang is considered the most advanced kind of kites when it comes to expert opinion. The professional kite players consider the Patang as a hallmark of expertise in kite flying. Given this imp ... Read More

At outset, Freedom of Speech was not guaranteed in the Government of India Act 1935. Since Pakistan could not frame its constitution for nine years, for which the Constituent Assembly was empowered ... Read More

In this article, we have explored the nature of relationship between literary narrative and physical environment. Our argument is that the representation of plants, animals and buildings in a liter ... Read More

Mirza Ghalib and John Donne are regarded as prominent love poets of their respective languages. Their treatment of the theme of love, i.e., romantic love, is quite realistic and unconventional. Jea ... Read More

Maulana Shibli Naumani (1857---1914) was a renowned scholar, critic and poet. He taught at Ali Garh College for a considerable time. During this tenure, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan (1873---1956) studied ... Read More

This article analytically examines the text of "Asrar-e Khudi", Allama Iqbal's first book of Persian verse. In this regard, the last edition printed in Iqbal's life has been made the basis for exami ... Read More

As a student of urdu,Frances Prittchet remembers her first experience of the ghazal...the preeminent genre of classical urdu poetry...was love at first sight.But much to her puzzelment and dismay,sh ... Read More

Allama Iqbal's Urdu poem "Peer o Mureed" reflects the imaginative dialogue between Maulana Rumi and Allama Iqbal in which Allama Iqbal seek guidance from Rumi on various subjects of his times. Allma ... Read More

This Article represents Dr. Ibadat Brelvi as critic on Ghalib. The corners discovered by the researcher are suggestiveness, Individualism, Collectivism and sensitivity in criticism of Dr. Ibadat on ... Read More

Iftikar Jalib draws on Wittgenstein for the theoretical framework of modern poetry. And language remains the main site of contestation. The primary objective in Jalib is to create linguistic structu ... Read More

Amjad Islam Amjad is a renowned poet. He holds proficiency in both Poem and Ghazal. He has portrayed every topic of the universe in his poetry. We find delicate musical sense in his poetry. The epic ... Read More

Letter writing is an old tradition in Urdu language. Meerza Adeeb's writing style is conversational which reveal many secret parts of his life. This tradition is still in practice. A very short numb ... Read More

Hafiz was a Persian poet who lauded the joys of love and wine but also targeted religious hypocrisy. His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of persian literature and are often found in the h ... Read More

Literature provides a way for understanding life in the perspective of man, society and universe. Poets in poetry as it is said reunite themselves on the basis of their existence. This attitude brin ... Read More

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was a well known Muslim scholar, reformist, educationist and writer of Persian, Arabic and Urdu languages. He is often described as two nation theory founder. He awakened the Mus ... Read More

Ghulam Ahmad Mahjooris a national poet of Kashmir. He encouraged the Kashmiris emulating Allama Iqbal to fight against the cruel rulers. Among all Kashmiri poets, Mahjoor was very much impressed by ... Read More

Eastern and Western civilization and its clash is an important research work. It highlights the merits and demerits of the both civilizations. The research suggests that the clash of civilization is ... Read More

Ghalib realized the perpetuality of death and it's relational significance to man involving fear, oppression and unceasing fight against death which is undefeatable and uncontrolable.The fear of ann ... Read More

Colonial predicament made the life and its understanding complex in the Subcontinent. To represent this complexity, Urdu writers found the polyphonic genre, i.e. the novel helpful. They used differe ... Read More