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X-Linked Agamaglobulinemia (XLA) or Bruton`s disease is a subtype of primary humoral immunodeficiency. It is an uncommon disorder due to the defect of a gene encoding Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk). T ... Read More

Fetal arrhythmias are rare in pregnancy. They can be diagnosed by routine antenatal ultrasound and fetal echocardiography. Fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common among tachyarr ... Read More

Neonatal sepsis has been defined as a clinical syndrome with presence of systemic infection and systemic inflammatory response syndrome in the first 28 days of life. As recently estimated, 7% of a ... Read More

Objective: Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of mortality throughout the world and in Pakistan. To determine the epidemiology of neonatal sepsis and test the feasibility of establishing a collaborati ... Read More

Objective: This study aims to determine the occurrence, severity and association of thrombocytopenia in neonatal sepsis and to analyze its utility as an important screening tool in neonatal sepsis. ... Read More

Objective: To determine the frequency of positive C-reactive protein in culture proven cases of neonatal sepsis. Study Design: A descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pediat ... Read More

Objectives: This study was designed to find out the affects of seasonal variation on neonatal bacteremia and antibiotic sensitivity profile of isolated bacteria. Study design: Cross sectional Plac ... Read More

Objective: To determine the effect of inadequate weaning practices in development of iron deficiency anemia in a developing country like Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Du ... Read More

Objective: The objectives of the study were to determine the frequency of intraventricular hemmorrahge (IVH) in preterm neonates and to find out the short term outcome of IVH in preterm neonates. S ... Read More

Objective: Evaluation of etiological spectrum and outcome of children with acute hepatitis in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Retrospective observational study. Place and Duration of Study: ... Read More

Objective: The objective of the study was to explore maternal, fetal and neonatal risk factors for preterm birth (PTB) in females with parity > 1. Study design: Case control study. Place and durat ... Read More

Objectives: To assess the Nutritional status of pre-school and schoolgoing children of flood-affected areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa funded by HEC Pakistan. Study design: A well-structured and modified ... Read More

Objective: To determe causes of hospitalization and related factors that can provide effective strategies and interventions in order to provide human resources and medical services needed by this s ... Read More

Hydatid disease is caused by genus Echinococcus and its transmission is through animals to human beings especially those who live in an endemic area. Pulmonary hydatid disease usually present with res ... Read More

Malaria is a disease that goes back to prehistoric times. The earliest evidence of malarial parasite is from mosquitoes preserved in amber beads that date back 30 million years'. Having most likely or ... Read More

Objective: To determine frequency of various clinical manifestations, complications, and outcomes in children hospitalized with measles. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional. Place and Duration ... Read More

Objective: To know the outcome of Snodgrass urethroplasdty in distal and mid penile hypospadias. Study design: Prospective cohort study. Place and duration of study: Department of pediatric and neon ... Read More

Objective: To determine the alterations of liver function tests (LFTs) and serum albumin levels in typhoid fever patients. Study Design: Cross-sectional study Place and duration of study: This study ... Read More

Objectives: To examine the role of child temperament as a moderator in between the relationship of parental perception and anger expression in children. Study Design: Cross sectional research design. ... Read More

bjective: Objective of the current study was to find out the gender differences in subjective, objective burden and mental health problems among caregivers of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and ... Read More

Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of pediatric residents towards the diagnostic and treatment aspects of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Study and Design: A cross-sect ... Read More

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify different aspects of malnutrition in primary school children. Study Design: Descriptive-analytic cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of S ... Read More

Objective: To compare mean serum ferritin levels in children with first febrile seizure and febrile illness. Study Design: Case control study Place and Duration: Pediatric department of Benazir Bhut ... Read More

Objectives: To assess the clinical profile and outcome of complicated pneumonia requiring thoracostomy in pediatric age group. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place & Duration of Study: The study w ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of rapid diagnostic test (RDT) in confirmed cases of malaria in children taking microscopy as gold standard. Study Design: Cross-sectional study Plac ... Read More

Objective: To determine the frequency of acute kidney injury (AKI) in neonates admitted to the NICU of Shifa International Hospital Islamabad. Study Design: Descriptive case series. Place and durati ... Read More

The symptoms of Kawasaki disease, an acute self-limited vasculitis of childhood, resemble those of group A streptococcal infection, including fever and lymphadenopathy. Although there are some reports ... Read More

As neonatal services and units improve and increase in Pakistan it is important that the practice is not only evidence based but also supported by local high-quality research that is reflected in clin ... Read More

Typhoid fever is a very common infection in our settings. It is transmitted by consumption of contaminated food or water especially in regions where poor sanitary facilities exist. Thus water supplies ... Read More

Objective of Study: To see why measles is still common in Larkana and its morbidity and mortality. Study Design: Descriptive. Place and duration of study: Pediatric Unit III Children Hospital Chandk ... Read More

Objective: The current study examined and compared reflective mood experiences of active smoker and non-smoker university students. Study Design: Cross Sectional, survey. Place and Duration of Study ... Read More

Malnutrition is a major pediatric health issue globally and is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Hypoglycemia is a basic metabolic complication in pediatric patients which can be easily prev ... Read More

Background: Neonatal sepsis is a common cause of hospitalization of sick neonates. Selection of empirical antibiotic therapy is challenging, primarily due to non-availability of local antibiogram. Ob ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the relationship of serum zinc status with scholastic performance of primary school students. Study design: A cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of study: This study ... Read More

Objective: Cancer related Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) are important in determining the success of cancer treatment. Study Designs: There is paucity of data in Pakistan so we designed a qu ... Read More

Objective: To explore various risk factors associated with childhood asthma and their impact on asthma control. Study design: Descriptive cross-sectional study Place and Duration of Study: The inpat ... Read More

Objective: To determine the association of non-isolated vomiting with the evidence of TBI on computed tomography scan (TBI-CT) in pediatric patients with minor blunt head trauma. Study Design: A retr ... Read More

Thanatophoric dysplasia is a rare skeletal disorder caused by genetic mutation. Its prognosis is poor as most of the deaths occur during fetal or neonatal period. No cure is available. Reported here ... Read More

Neonatology is a rapidly advancing field of medicine in Pakistan with many neonatal intensive care units opening throughout the country. The challenging nature of this field of medicine in a resourc ... Read More

Asthma is one of the commonest noncommunicable disease of Children in Pakistan, with a variably reported prevalence of about 8%- 20%. It is a heterogeneous disease resulting from multiple genetic a ... Read More

Objective: To determine epidemiology of measles in children presenting at Children’s Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, Multan in 2018. Study design: Descriptive study Duration: Six month ... Read More

Objective: To identify the risk factors for birth trauma (BT) on head and neck regions in neonates born in a secondary care hospital Methods: The case-control study was conducted in the Memorial Ch ... Read More

Objective: To determine the association between raised serum IgE levels and bronchial asthma in children. Study Design: Case Control Study. Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at ... Read More

Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory illness in children aged between 4 months and 2 years. It is one of the most frequent cause of hospital visit in winter season. Though it is a self-limiting vir ... Read More

Background: The incidence of autism increasing in the last decades. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the factors associated with autism among children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methodo ... Read More

Objective: To determine the effect of locomotor training among adolescent spastic cerebral palsy children after tendon of Achilles release. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 54 s ... Read More

Introduction: Wilms Tumor or Nephroblastoma is the common malignant renal tumor of childhood. It represents 5% to 6% of childhood cancers. We compared the different treatment modalities adopted by ... Read More

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, causes and outcome of neonatal patients admitted to special care baby unit, Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH), Peshawar KPK from 1st J ... Read More

Background: Umbilical granuloma is a benign abnormality commonly seen in neonates. It becomes apparent after the umbilical cord sheds off. Multiple treatment options are available to treat umbilical ... Read More