Objective: To describe the frequency of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) among secondary school girls and to raise awareness about the importance of school screening programs for scoliosis. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional survey. Place and Duration of Study: Private schools of Johar Town, Lahore from May 2016 to October 2016. Material and Methods: A total of 148 secondary school-going girls between the age group 11-16 years were recruited for screening of idiopathic scoliosis from four private schools of Johar Town Lahore. The screening was done by Adams Forward Bend Test (AFBT) and by measuring the angle of Trunk Rotation (ATR) by a Scoliometer. The sampling technique was systematic sampling. Results: The study findings revealed; among 148 subjects 3 (2.0%) showed positive results on AFBT with thoracic prominence. The measurement of ATR on the Scoliometer showed; 140 (94.6%) subjects less than 5-degree reading, 5 (3.4%) subjects less than and equal to 5 degrees, 2 (1.4%) were between 5 and 6 degrees and 1 (0.7%) were greater and equal to 8 degrees. Conclusion: Idiopathic scoliosis among secondary school-going girls was 2.0%. School-based screening was an effective method for early detection of scoliosis. In addition, the study also emphasizes the importance of screening and awareness of spinal deformities among society.
AMAL SHAKEEL, HAFIZ MUHAMMAD ASIM, SAMREEN SADIQ, Naeem Ahmad, Amer Aziz. (2021) A Screening Program for Early Detection of Idiopathic Scoliosis among Secondary School Girls, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 3.