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Objective: To find out prevalence of obesity in primary school children in third largest city of Pakistan and its etiological factors among obese children. Study Design: Cross sectional observational study Place and Duration of Study: Three private and two government primary schools of Faisalabad city from October 2018 to January 2019. Material and Methods: Questionnaire was filled regarding dietary, family history and life style of 1254 children of Grade I to Grade V. Body mass index (BMI) of children was calculated by measuring height and weight, plotted on standard BMI growth charts for age and gender according to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES-III). Children of BMI more than 95th percentile were labeled obese. The etiological factors of obesity were sorted out. Results: Prevalence of obesity was recorded as 21.5%. Obesity was more common in males (23.5%) than females (18.4%). Daily intake of junk foods (61.1%) and sedentary life style were frequent risk factors of obesity. Obesity was more common in upper socioeconomic class students (70%) while familial obesity was 33.3%. Conclusion: Upper socioeconomic status, family history of obesity and male sex are the familiar risk factors of obesity.

ABDUL RAZZAQ MUGHAL, MUHAMMAD ASGHAR BUTT, AHSAN BEG, Imtiaz Ahmad, Motia Javed, Safia Mughal. (2021) Different Etiological Factors of Obesity in Primary School Children in Third Largest City of Pakistan, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 3.
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