Objective: To assess the nutritional status of children height-for-age (HAZ) and to determine multilevel risk factors contributing to stunting burden among children under five years. Study Design: Community-based cross-sectional study Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in four rural towns of Faisalabad district from July 2018 to February 2019. Materials and Methods: A total of 400 children under five years of age were selected purposively. Anthropometric measurements were taken to access the malnutrition (stunting) in children. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 23.0. Univariate and bivariate analysis was used to check the correlation between dependent and independent variables. Results: Overall, 42.4% of children were stunted (< -2 SD). Females were more stunted 48.7% than males 36.5%. Mothers’ current age (26-30), higher number of children under five years, low birth interval (months), small birth size, household food insecurity, hand wash practice without soap, use of bottle to feed a child and not feeding colostrum to the child were factors significantly associated at (p<0.000) with stunting. Conclusion: Prevalence of stunting is very high in Faisalabad. It might be reduced if stunting integrated interventions will be improved and implemented at household and personal (child) level.
ANAM AFZAL, NAZIA MALIK, ZAHIRA BATOOL, Muhammad Shabbir Ch. (2021) Determinants of Stunting Among Under Five Children in Pakistan: A Cross Sectional Study, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 3.