Objective: Cockroach is a major allergen linked with difficult-to-treat asthma. We retrospectively studied allergic children of our clinic as regards their cockroach sensitization. There is to date no such analysis of cockroach allergy in children from Mumbai. Study Design: Retrospective study Place and Duration of the Study: Mumbai, India and records of two years. Material and Methods: The demography, anthropometry, atopic family history, asthma severity, other allergies, total IgE levels, and specific-IgE to other common allergens in children ≤ 18 years of age with positive cockroach allergen test were compared with atopic children with negative cockroach allergy. Results: Out of 189 children, 84 (44.4%) children had positive cockroach sensitization. They were older with higher total IgE levels. Their atopic family history and asthma severity were similar. Cockroach-sensitized children had sensitivity to multiple other aero- and food allergens. Conclusion: Our study showed that more than 40% of the atopic children had cockroach allergen positivity. Their total IgE levels were higher and they demonstrated multiple other allergen sensitizations with predominant eye involvement.
SUKHBIR K. SHAHID. (2021) Cockroach Allergy in Atopic Children from Mumbai, India, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 3.