Objective: The study investigates the effect of social, demographic, economic behavioral factor on the prevalence of diarrhea in the particular setting of Punjab. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey. Place and Duration of Study: Analysis of the Secondary data has been done at Statistics Department, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore. Duration of the research work was 3 months. Material and Methods: Data from recent wave of Punjab Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (2017-18) have been used for this study. Logistic regression model is used for identifying the risk factors responsible for diarrhea in Punjab. Descriptive measures are in the form of percentages, for bivariate analysis Pearson Chi-square and for multivariate analysis Binary Logistic regression model is used, to find the prevalence and the risk factors responsible for diarrhea in Punjab. Results: 21% children of age 6-11 months have diarrhea (OR=1.336). 28.55% children have ARI (OR=2.305). The lowest (13.07%) number of children have diarrhea which belong to richest households (OR=0.735). Conclusion: Two behavioral factors i.e. type of toilet facility and presence of soap at hand washing place is observed strong. Interventional programs to reduce diarrheal occurrence should be launched in other divisions with special focus on DG Khan.
NAILA BASHIR, ASIFA KAMAL, TUBA IQBAL . (2021) Prevalence and Determinants of Diarrhea among Children of Punjab, Pakistan, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 3.