Objective: To have an overview of hypoglycemia and its frequency in preterm newborns at a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Cross–sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Pediatrics Department, CMH Multan, from November 2017 to May 2018. Material and Methods: Consecutive 350 preterm newborns were taken in this cross – sectional study and 1 to 2 ml venous blood sample was taken within 24 hours of birth and sent to the Pathology Department of CMH Multan for random blood glucose levels to determine hypoglycemia. Results: Of these 350 study cases, 230 (65.7 %) were male preterm neonates while 120 (34.3 %) were female neonates having mean gestational 32.66 ± 2.97 weeks. Mean birth weight was 1702.35 ± 102.42 grams and 254 (72.6%) had birth weight more than 1500 grams. Mean random blood sugar level was 42.18 ± 7.34 mg/dl and hypoglycemia was noted in 131 (37.4%). Conclusion: Very high frequency of hypoglycemia was noted in preterm infants in our study. Hypoglycemia was significantly associated with female gender, increasing parity and low birth weight.
KAMRAN HAYAT, MUHAMMAD NAEEM FARID, LUTFULLAH GOHEER, Waseem Lehrasab, Hafiz Abdul Quddus, Hafiz Muhammad Murtaza. (2021) An Overview of Hypoglycemia in Preterm Newborns, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 2.