Objective: This study assessed the association of one minute heart rate recovery (HRR1) following progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER) with CVD risk factors in 12 to 16 year Nigerian adolescents. Study Design: A cross-sectional school-based study comprising 454 school children. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in three senatorial districts of Benue State, north central Nigeria between April and July 2013. Material and Methods: Participants were evaluated for physical characteristics, cardiorespiratory fitness, waist circumference, blood pressure, and HRR1 after PACER test. They were divided into abnormal versus normal HRR1 groups. Results: Prevalence of abnormal HRR1 was 23.8% among participants, with boys displaying higher risk (12.3%). A greater proportion of participants were at risk of elevated SBP and DBP, majority from the abnormal HRR1 group. Fitness ( =.277; p<0.0005) and SBP ( =-269; p=0.007) independently predicted HRR1. Conclusion: Among Nigerian adolescents, HRR1 is associated with cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risks, suggesting a link between CMD and autonomic nervous function at early age. One minute heart rate recovery may be useful for identifying children at risk of CMD risk factors.
DANLADI I MUSA, ABEL L TORIOLA, DANIEL T GOON, Olasupo Stephen Adeniy. (2021) Heart Rate Recovery after Maximal Exercise and the Risk of Cardiometabolic Disease in Nigerian Adolescents, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 2.