Malnutrition is major contributory factor in morbidity and mortality of young children in our region and figures have not changed over last two decades. Both undernutrition and over the nutrition have short term and long term effects on growth, morbidity and mortality. Most common manifestations in children are failure of linear growth, acute and chronic protein-energy malnutrition (PEM)1 on the one hand and obesity on the other. In a healthy infant, body weight distribution is 60 percent water, 15 percent protein and 25 percent fat.2 Acute malnutrition results from shortage of food effecting weight, termed as wasting.
Muhammad Shahid. (2021) Malnutrition an unmet challenge in developing countries, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 1.