Owing to its importance at various fronts, international trade is one of the key policy concerns, especially for developing countries. However, as with all other policies, the effective formulation of ... Read More

Savings have been recognized as crucial determinant of economic growth because it finances investment – higher investment is associated with higher growth. Given the fact that economic growth plays a ... Read More

It is well said that “transport is civilization”. Transport sector plays a pivotal role in social and economic life of a country. A properly established transport system with well-equipped infrastruct ... Read More

At present, the South Asia is one of the regions that qualify to conduct research on issues of terrorism in this specific region where Pakistan is the highly victimized nation of such attacks. It’s no ... Read More

The last decade of the last century coined two strategic terms, Globalization and Liberalization which stand more than any other term for the global economic development. The economic policies, adopte ... Read More

Martin Jacques is a highly distinguished British scholar, writer and columnist.When China Rules the World, first published in 2009, is among his most important publications. Since then the book has be ... Read More

Natural resources are generally considered to be very important for development of any country. Sachs and Warner (1995) empirical study initiated a new debate in the field of economics that countries ... Read More

In the late 20th and at the onset of 21st century the concept of capital-flow in the form of both, portfolio investment and foreign direct investment (FDI) flourished across many countries. This tende ... Read More

Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) gained attention of economists and researchers since the last three to four decades; the time when banking sector experienced the increasing trend in the NPL’s and started ... Read More

Despite seven decades of independence of Pakistan, large parts of the country remain woefully undeveloped with poor infrastructure and limited income generating opportunities. Balochistan stands out i ... Read More

Innovative approaches have been developed by economists to analyze various types of services and natural ecosystems. Part I of the handbook ‘Setting The scene: the need for eco-system service valuatio ... Read More

Education represents the bedrock of intellectual and citizen consciousness for development of any country. However, the success or failure of many education policies and programs rests on the level of ... Read More

Unlike previous studies conducted on Pakistan, this article attempts to test the validity of conditional relationship between beta and cross-sectional returns of individual securities listed in Karach ... Read More