This article is based on ‘use of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) in human identification, from skin to genes’. DNA has been used as a vital element in the identification of the individuals on the basis of ... Read More

Brucellosis is the most common zoonotic bacterial infection in the world. The causative organism is Brucella spp. and the incubation of period is 5 days to 5 months. Although immunological tests are w ... Read More

An eighty years old man presented with a slowly progressing, ulcerative mass near the left eye diagnosed as the advanced stage of facial basal cell carcinoma (rodent ulcer) which has involved his left ... Read More

Background: Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is the most frequent complication of cataract surgery. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of acute rise of intraocular pressu ... Read More

Background: Blood products transfusion has been a major treatment modality especially in critical care settings. The objectives of this study were to determine frequency and distribution of blood prod ... Read More

Background: Infertility is a social problem and a big stigma. The objectives of the study were to determine the age wise distribution of ovarian volume and the difference in ovarian volume between mar ... Read More

Background: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is a common procedure for treatment of hydrocephalus. The objectives of the study were to determine the causes of hydrocephalus and complications of VP shun ... Read More

Background: The frequency of hysterectomy varies in same geographical area. The objectives of this study were to determine the type, time trend and indications of hysterectomy in our population.Materi ... Read More

Screening test sorts out from apparently healthy population those who probably have the disease or risk factor. Screening test is quick, less accurate, inexpensive and simple to be conducted by techni ... Read More

Endothelium is one of the largest organ by area and consist of at least one trillion endothelial cells having more than 100 gram weight and covering more than 3000 square meters area in an adult human ... Read More

A case of 14 year-old female patient presented to our hospital complaining of loss of weight and low grade fever for one year. Echocardiography showed the presence of sterile vegetation on the mitral ... Read More

Hypotrichosis is a hair-loss condition that is characterized by sparse hair on scalp, reduced to absent eyebrows and eyelashes. This report is presented of a D.I.Khan, Pakistan based family with multi ... Read More

Background: Dyspnea is a common symptom in patients presenting to emergency departments worldwide. The objective of the study was to determine the pattern of spirometry findings in subjects presenting ... Read More

Background: Perinatal mortality rate indicates quality of care provided during pregnancy and delivery to the mother and to the neonate in its early neonatal period. The objective of this study was to ... Read More

Background: Cervical lymphadenopathy is a common medical problem. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and distribution of different types of cervical lymphadenopathy in patients ... Read More

Background: Pilonidal sinus is caused by repeated traumatic penetrations of the skin by hair with consequent infolding and sinus formation. The objective of the study was to determine the surgical out ... Read More

Background: Disturbance of calcium hemostasis is common in patients of ß-thalassemia major. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency, distribution and presentation of hypocalcemia ... Read More

Genetic counseling is an advocating strategy based on family history and genetic testing results, in order to avoid inherited disorders and their transmission to next generation.1 For the first time S ... Read More

A 12 years old girl from D.I.Khan city, Pakistan presented with diminished vision. On examination her vision was 6/60 in both eyes, not improving with glasses. The intra-ocular pressure was 15 mmHg in ... Read More

Background: Dysphonia is common in children due to which they suffer adversely both at home and at school. The objectives of this study were to determine the sex & age-wise distribution and causes ... Read More

Background: Iron deficiency anemia is a common health problem during pregnancy in developing countries. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency, distribution & determinants of iro ... Read More

Background: In Pakistan population explosion is an important issue. Objectives of this study were to determine frequency of contraception users, frequency of different types of contraceptives used and ... Read More

Background: Depression is much more common among infertile women as compared to the general population. The objectives of our study were to determine the frequency of depression among infertile women ... Read More

Background: The pattern of types, sites and causes of intestinal obstruction is changing continuously from time to time and region to region. The objectives of this study were to determine the types, ... Read More

At the higher education level, teachers are more effective as role-models. Given the independent nature of higher education, the impact of role-models is far reaching rather they either make or break ... Read More

We describe a rare case of chondroid heterotopia in the myometrium with associated foci of adenomyosis, in a 45 years old female, presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding and abdominal pain. Designat ... Read More

A 55 years old lady presented to Gynecology outpatient of MMM Teaching Hospital, D.I.Khan in January 2018 with history of abdominal mass. Her abdominal hysterectomy was done one year back. On examinat ... Read More

Background: Hypospadias is the most common congenital malformation of the urethra with the prevalence of 1 in 200-300 live male births. The objective of this trial was to compare the frequency of uret ... Read More

Background: Pregnancy-induced hypertension adversely affects the development of placenta and growth of fetus. The objective of the study was to compare the weight and volume of placentae in normotensi ... Read More

Background: Thyroid disorders are a commonly encountered problem in hilly areas of Pakistan. The objectives of the study were to determine the frequency and distribution of thyroid disorders among pat ... Read More

Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is widely used for diagnosis and treatment of hepatobiliary disorders. However, there are many adverse events associated with this pro ... Read More

Background: Internet addiction is emerging community mental health issue. Objective of study was to determine frequency of three types of internet use behaviors, modal reason of internet use and assoc ... Read More

Background: Concept of short stay surgery is getting popular globally to maximize use of available health resources. The objective of the study was to determine thirty day readmission rate due to com ... Read More

he term “transgender” refers to a spectrum of individuals who express gender in ways that deviate from the gender binary. It includes transsexuals, crossdressers and others.1,2 In Pakistan, the state ... Read More