Promethazine or ‘Phenergan’ is a phenothiazine derivative and a commonly prescribed first-generation antihistamine for various conditions. However, it is also one of the commonly misused drugs especia ... Read More

Caroli’s disease (CD) and Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) both are two rare disorder of autosomal reces¬sive (AR) inheritance. Abnormal dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct is the characteristic featur ... Read More

Objective: Hair disorders in children and teenagers are abnormalities that often appear and can cause complex clinical problems. It can be congenital or acquired from the environment. The aim was to o ... Read More

Objective: To determine the correlation of thyroid hormones with serum total protein and albumin levels in severely malnourished children. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration of ... Read More

Objective: To describe the frequency of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) among secondary school girls and to raise awareness about the importance of school screening programs for scoliosis. Stud ... Read More

Objective: To find out prevalence of obesity in primary school children in third largest city of Pakistan and its etiological factors among obese children. Study Design: Cross sectional observational ... Read More

Objective: To find out the effects of spastic cerebral palsy upon different functional factors such as activities of daily living. Study Design: Cross sectional study Place and Duration of Study: Da ... Read More

Objective: To identify the misconceptions related to food during pregnancy and lactation in mothers of Severe Acute Malnutrition children. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration of ... Read More

Objective: To assess the nutritional status of children height-for-age (HAZ) and to determine multilevel risk factors contributing to stunting burden among children under five years. Study Design: Co ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the clinical outcome of children with suspected pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) following radioisotope scan. Study Design: Retrospective study on clinical data of ... Read More

Objective: To determine the spectrum of clinical presentation in children with hypernatremia associated with acute diarrhea. Study Design: Cross-sectional study Place and Duration of the Study: This ... Read More

Objective: Cockroach is a major allergen linked with difficult-to-treat asthma. We retrospectively studied allergic children of our clinic as regards their cockroach sensitization. There is to date no ... Read More

Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (TTG IgA) as a tool to detect celiac disease in patient presenting with clinical features suggestive of the d ... Read More

Objective: This study aimed to assess awareness of basic orthodontic principles among pediatricians. Study Design: Quantitative design involved descriptive statistics such as frequency distributions. ... Read More

Objective: To determine the effect of limb splinting on the functional duration and complications of Intravenous cannulation in infants. Study design: A randomized control trial. Place and duration ... Read More

Objective: The study investigates the effect of social, demographic, economic behavioral factor on the prevalence of diarrhea in the particular setting of Punjab. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey ... Read More

Objective: To assess the outcome of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in neonates with meconium stained liquor admitted at neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Des ... Read More

Objective: To study the outcome of valproic acid, carbamazepine, and levetiracetam single drug therapy on thyroid functions. Study Design: Analytical cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Stu ... Read More

Objective: To identify the influence of family support towards children with autism. Study Design: Descriptive analytic with cross sectional approach. Place and Duration of Study: This study was con ... Read More

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate gender and anthropometry related differences in peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) for the children of Maharashtra, India. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. ... Read More

Objective: To assess the clinical spectrum and outcome of meningoencephalitis in children less than five years old who presented to Benazir Bhutto Hospital (BBH) Rawalpindi. Study Design: Prospective ... Read More

Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of global under five childhood mortality and is responsible for mortality of around 5,25,000 children every year. Each episode of diarrhea deprives the youngster ... Read More

A 3 months old female infant was admitted with history of high grade fever, cough, irritability, difficulty in feeding and vomiting for two days. On admission, she had fever of 1030F, respiratory rate ... Read More

Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disorder which may be inherited or acquired. It is characterized by a loose skin. Inherited forms are autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive and X-linked r ... Read More

Hydatid cyst is caused by the larval form of the parasite Echinococcus in humans. It is common in areas where dogs and cattle are kept. The larval form of Echinococcus infects mainly liver and lungs. ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the role of electronic and social media in disseminating information to caregivers regarding a recent typhoid vaccination campaign. Study Design: Cross-sectional, quantitative ... Read More

Objective: To assess the relationship between care giver burden, hopelessness and Psychological distress. To explore the impact of care giver burden on Psychological distress and mediating role of hop ... Read More

Objective: To explore the effects of cold therapy and functional task exercises for reduction of spasticity and hand function improvement in children with spastic Cerebral palsy. Study Design: Random ... Read More

Objective: To compare mean change in terms of respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and Respiratory Distress Assessment Index (RDAI) score of nebulized epinephrine with intravenous dexamethasone versus ... Read More

Objective: To assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of laboratory safety measures among allied health staff of Pathology. Study Design: It was a cross-sectional study Place and Duration of Study: ... Read More

Objective: To find the relationship of parental ages with congenital heart disease in children Study Design: Case-control study Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in Department of ... Read More

Objective: To highlight attitudes and knowledge of Pakistani parents of children who stutter (PCWS) regarding childhood stuttering. Study Design: Cross-sectional study Place and Duration of Study: S ... Read More

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of wrapping on range of motion, tone and manual ability in spastic upper limb of cerebral palsy (CP) child. Study Design: Randomized contr ... Read More

To determine the relationship of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and body mass index (BMI) for assessing maternal nutrition of children under two years of age admitted with moderate and severe acut ... Read More

Objective: To have an overview of hypoglycemia and its frequency in preterm newborns at a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Cross–sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Neonatal Inten ... Read More

Objective: We aimed to identify whether Activin A levels are elevated in venous blood and/or urine samples of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and to determine if Activin A levels m ... Read More

Objective: To study the clinical and laboratory profile and response to antibiotic therapy in typhoid fever. Study Design: Quasi experimental study Place and Duration of Study: The Children’s Hospit ... Read More

Objective: To determine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on vaccination of the children under two years of age. Study Design: An analytical cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: A multi ... Read More

Objective: To determine the efficacy of Rituximab (RTX) in refractory steroid dependent and steroid resistant childhood nephrotic syndrome. Study Design: Prospective single-arm interventional study ... Read More

Objective: This study assessed the association of one minute heart rate recovery (HRR1) following progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER) with CVD risk factors in 12 to 16 year Nigeri ... Read More

Objective: To find out the frequencies of different congenital heart diseases (CHD) in children presenting for echocardiography. Study Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional Place and Duration of Stud ... Read More

he pandemic caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused millions of deaths worldwide. To mitigate the pandemic, scientists are working on effective therapeutics to cure the patients however t ... Read More

Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are the most common birth defects. The birth prevalence of CHD is reported to be between 8 and 12 per 1000 live births.1,2 Reported figures vary worldwide, and majority ... Read More

It was a cross-sectional study conducted in December 2016 to assess the nutritional status of children attending a free medical camp in Awaran, Balochistan. Of the 124 children included, 17 (13.7%) we ... Read More

Allgrove syndrome is one of the rare hereditary disorders with autosomal recessive inheritance. Mutation in AAAS gene on chromosome 12q13 encoding ALADIN protein leads to alacrima, achalasia, adrenal ... Read More

Postoperative spontaneous intestinal perforation is a rare entity. A 40-days old infant operated for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis developed abdominal distension secondary to pneumoperitoneu ... Read More

Objective: To assess the prevalence of depression in secondary school students and its association with socio-demographic status Study Design: Cross-sectional study Place and Duration of Study: Nine ... Read More

Objective: To find out the daily screen time in children 2-5 years old along with predisposing factors, quality of screen time and knowledge of parental perceptions of their children regarding screen ... Read More

Objective: To compare the efficacy of isotonic vs hypotonic maintenance IV fluids for maintaining normal sodium level in hospitalized children. Study Design: Randomized Control Trial Place and Durat ... Read More

Objective: To determine the frequency of common causes of death in infants and children admitted to Pediatric ICU in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration ... Read More

Objective: To determine the spectrum of microorganisms causing colonization of central venous catheter in pediatric ICU. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department ... Read More

Objective: The objective of this study was to find out current antibiotic sensitivity pattern of Salmonella typhi in children admitted in Pediatric Department of Services Hospital, Lahore over a perio ... Read More

Objective: To find the frequency of different causes of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in admitted term neonates. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was con ... Read More

Objective: To assess the trend of poppy use as folk remedy for children at Mardan and surroundings. Study design: Cross-sectional observational study. Duration and Place of Study: This study was car ... Read More

Objective: To compare the mean procedural pain score with EBM versus 25% dextrose water (DW) in neonates. Study Design: Randomized Control Trial. Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal Unit, District ... Read More

Objective: The main objective of this study is to analyze the outcome of acute transverse myelitis in children with use of intravenous methylprednisolone Study Design: Clinical study Place and Durat ... Read More

Objective: To determine the effects of task oriented training on upper limb function of spastic and athetoid types of cerebral palsy children. Study Design: A quasi experimental (without control grou ... Read More

Objective: The current study was conducted to evaluate the effect of handling on spasticity and gross motor function in spastic cerebral palsy children with Gross Motor Function and spasticity Score ( ... Read More

Objective: To find out the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in neonates and their mothers, admitted in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey Place and Duration o ... Read More

Objective: To find out the etiological spectrum of secondary malnutrition in children with severe acute malnutrition. Study Design: Descriptive study Duration and Place of Study: 01.01.2018 to 31.12 ... Read More

Objective: The aim of this study is to share our experience about this rare disorder including clinical features, management and outcome perspectives. Study Design: Retrospective, cross sectional stu ... Read More

Objective: To assess treatment outcomes and associated factors of Severe Acute Malnutrition among Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition in the Children’s Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, ... Read More

The pharmacotherapy in SARS CoV has been a challenge with respect to pediatric SARS CoV 2 infection. The guidelines evolve each day, however there are limited number of studies and trials in children ... Read More

Malnutrition is major contributory factor in morbidity and mortality of young children in our region and figures have not changed over last two decades. Both undernutrition and over the nutrition hav ... Read More


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