Abstract
Objective: To find out the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in neonates and their mothers, admitted in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey Place and Duration of Study: Civil Hospital, Karachi from January 2018 to July 2018 Material and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in pediatric department of Civil Hospital, Karachi from January 2018 to July 2018.All the neonates admitted to the NICU born after 30 week of gestation and weighing more than 1 kg, were included. One ml of serum collected from each mother and baby was sent for detection of serum vitamin D levels. Data was analyzed on SPSS version 22. Results: A total of 80 neonates were included in the study. The mean age of neonates was 9.93 days. Vitamin D levels were either found to be deficient or insufficient in most of the neonates and their mothers. The mean vitamin D level in neonates was found to be 9.38 ng/dl. Mean vitamin D level of mothers was 12.37 ng/dl. Conclusion: Status of vitamin D in neonates and their mother was variable. In the present study 42.5% mothers and 33.8 % neonates had insufficient levels of vitamin D, whereas significant number (65% neonates and 50% mothers) had vitamin D deficiency.

WASEEM JAMALVI, MUZAMIL SHABANA EJAZ, AYESHA SALEEM, Sidra Hassan. (2021) Frequency of Vitamin D Deficiency in Mothers and Neonates at a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Study, Pakistan Pediatric Journal, Volume 45, Issue 1.
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